Botox is actually a trade name, referring to a specific brand, but nowadays, whenever the word Botox is mentioned, we automatically recognise it as referring to Botulinum toxin Type A (BTA).

BTA or Botox is a drug made from a neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum called botulinum toxin. The word toxin tells us that it’s a poison. Indeed, BTA is one of the most toxic substances known to man. It was first isolated in 1949 and used to treat eye muscle disorders in 1980. In 1989, it was first used to treat facial spasm. It was then observed that facial lines and wrinkles were reduced when BTA or Botox was injected into the faces of these patients.

It was only until 2002 that the FDA approved the use of BTA for the improvement of facial appearance by diminishing frown lines. In 2006, 4.1 million cosmetic Botox procedures were carried out in America alone. It is currently the most popular cosmetic procedure in the world.

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